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Subject : The Hoh
Date/Time : 10/25/2012 11:01:08 AM

Hoh is a Native American tribe in western Washington state in the United States. The tribe lives on the Pacific Coast of Washington on the Olympic Peninsula. The Hoh moved onto the Hoh Indian Reservation, 474431N 1242517W at the mouth of the Hoh River, on the Pacific Coast of Jefferson County, after the signing of the Quinault Treaty on July 1, 1855. The reservation has a land area of 1.929 square kilometres (477 acres) and a 2000 census resident population of 102 persons, 81 of whom were Native Americans.

The original Hoh language was actually the Quinault language. Though Hoh are considered to be a band of the Quileute tribe, they are originally related to the Quinault tribe, but after marrying together with the Quileute tribe, the Hoh tribe became a bilingual tribe, speaking both Quileute and Quinault, until, ultimately, just speaking Quileute. The lifestyle of the Hoh, like many Northwest Coast tribes, involved the fishing of salmon.


Subject : Timothy 3
Date/Time : 10/23/2012 8:10:41 AM

If a man desires the position of a bishop, he desires a good work.
A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, temperate, sober-minded, of good behavior, hospitable, able to teach.
Not given to wine, not violent, not greedy for money, but gentle, not quarrelsome, not covetous.


Subject : Chief Little Turtle
Date/Time : 10/22/2012 8:24:52 AM

Today in 1790 Warriors of the Miami tribe under Chief Little Turtle defeat US troops at the site of present-day Fort Wayne, IN.


Subject : Shawnee Chief Tecumseh
Date/Time : 10/19/2012 10:35:52 AM

Tecumseh was born among the Shawnees in Ohio around the year 1768. He and his brother, Tenskwatawa (also called the Prophet) rose to prominence for their efforts to promote Native American culture and their resistance to the encroachment of American settlers onto native lands.

As a young man, Tecumseh participated in the defeat of St. Clair's army in 1791 and the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. The brothers' influence spread rapidly after 1805, when the Prophet began a religious revival, and Tecumseh turned to organizing a coalition of Indian nations with British support.

Tensions grew until they reached the boiling point in 1811. On November 7, William Henry Harrison defeated the Indians and destroyed Prophet's Town on the Tippecanoe River in Indiana. Tecumseh, who was absent on a recruiting mission in the South, returned to rebuild his confederacy. By the time the United States declared war against Great Britain in 1812, Tecumseh's forces had already joined the British at Fort Malden in Amherstburg.

As allies of the British, Tecumseh's warriors performed valuable services in the Detroit campaign, the Battles of Brownstown, Monguagon, and the River Raisin, and the Sieges of Fort Meigs and Fort Stephenson. They made the northwest frontier insecure for American troops and settlers.

Unfortunately, their activities also invited American retaliation against native villages. Many villages were burned or forced to relocate deeper into British or American controlled territory where they could find protection and food or maintain some sort of neutrality. Those opposed to Tecumseh, including some members of his own tribe, even provided scouts and warriors to fight for the Americans.

Personally, Tecumseh was greatly respected by both his friends and his enemies. He prevented the killing of prisoners after Dudley's defeat during the Siege of Fort Meigs, and he probably would have done the same had he been present at the River Raisin.

After Commodore Perry's capture of the British fleet on Lake Erie in September of 1813, the British under Colonel Procter abandoned Amherstburg and Detroit, retreating into the interior of Upper Canada. Rather than abandon his homeland, Tecumseh urged Procter to stay and fight. At the Battle of the Thames in October, the British and Indians were defeated, and Tecumseh killed. His brother Tenskwatawa survived the war and died in Kansas in 1836.

~ by Ralph Naveaux


Subject : Sale of a negrees, 1765
Date/Time : 10/2/2012 10:38:23 AM

Sale of a negrees at New Orleans, 1765

Ce jourdhui 31mo jour de Juliet 1765 je sous sign declare avoir vendre et liver a Monsieur Bebecart une Newgreese nomme Pegu age de vingt cing ans ou environ pour el pris et somme de dix sept cent livres en letres de change a moy en main payees et dont je tiens quite mondit Sieur a la Nouvelle Orleans jour et an que dessus

~ Joseph Chalon

[translation]
This, the 31st day of July 1765, I the undersigned declare that I have sold and delivered to Mr. Bebecart a negrees named Peggy, age 25 years or about that, for the sum of seventeen hundred livres [between $310 and $340} in letters of exchange in hand paid and for liability for which the above mentioned Sieur is released at New Orleans day and year aforesaid.

~ Joseph Chalon


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